A number of assessment tools and methodologies have already been developed and used for protected areas. The Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT) developed by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the World Bank is one of the most widely used management effectiveness assessment tools.
Contracting Parties to the Ramsar Convention recognized the need to develop a customized METT for Ramsar Sites. In June 2014, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Thailand, the Ministry of Environment and the Gyeongnam Province of the Republic of Korea, and the Ramsar Regional Center – East Asia (RRC-EA) organized a workshop in Bangkok, Thailand to deliberate on modifying the METT for specific application in Ramsar Sites.
By virtue of Resolution XII.15, Ramsar COP12 formally adopted the Ramsar Site Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (R-METT) and encouraged Contracting Parties to use the R-METT in evaluating the management effectiveness of Ramsar Sites. The RRC-EA is regularly promoting the use of the R-METT through its communication, capacity building, education, participation, and awareness (CEPA) program.
Considering the multitude of development needs of the society, national and local governments are responsible in prioritizing sectors for the corresponding policy support and financial resources. Wetlands often receive less recognition due to the low awareness of policy and decision-makers on the value of wetlands and wetland ecosystem services. Thus, it is necessary to work towards improving the understanding and appreciation of policy and decision-makers with regard to wetland benefits.
In Ramsar COP11, Contracting Parties adopted Resolution XI.8 and agreed to revise the recording of information for the Information Sheet on Ramsar Wetlands (RIS) by elaborating and describing fully the elements of the ecological character and the ecosystems provided by the wetland.
In this context, the Ramsar Regional Center – East Asia (RRC-EA), together with the Ramsar Convention Secretariat and technical experts, has developed and is advocating a simple yet reliable tool and methodology for wetland managers: Rapid Assessment of Wetland Ecosystem Services (RAWES). By using RAWES, wetland managers can: